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作者: 亚博APP安全有保障 发表时间:2021-05-04  

本文摘要:Feeding knowledge directly into your brain, just like in sci-fi classic The Matrix, could soon take as much effort as falling asleep, scientists believe.科学家们指出,人类迅速就能和经典科幻电影《黑客帝国》里演的一样,只必须睡觉上一觉才可将科学知识必要倒入大脑。


Feeding knowledge directly into your brain, just like in sci-fi classic The Matrix, could soon take as much effort as falling asleep, scientists believe.科学家们指出,人类迅速就能和经典科幻电影《黑客帝国》里演的一样,只必须睡觉上一觉才可将科学知识必要倒入大脑。Researchers claim to have developed a simulator which can feed information directly into a persons brain and teach them new skills in a shorter amount of time, comparing it to life imitating art.研究人员声称,他们研发了一种可以必要将信息输出人脑的模拟器,这种模拟器可以在短时间内教会人类新技能。他们将其比作“生活仿效技术”。

In the neo-noir sci-fi classic, protagonist Neo is able to learn kung fu in seconds after the martial art is uploaded straight to his brain.在这部新的黑色经典科幻电影中,男主角尼奥在大脑读取武术招数后迅速就学会了功夫。Researchers from HRL Laboratories, based in California, say they have found a way to amplify learning, only on a much smaller scale than seen in the Hollywood film.加州休斯研究实验室的研究人员回应,他们早已寻找了一种提升自学能力的方法,只不过这种方法有效地的范围比《黑客帝国》中展出的要小。They studied the electric signals in the brain of a trained pilot and then fed the data into novice subjects as they learned to pilot an aeroplane in a realistic flight simulator.他们对一名军官学校飞行员大脑中的电信号展开研究,然后当受试新人飞行员在飞行中模拟器中驾驶员飞机时将这些数据传输到他们的大脑。The study, published in the journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, found that subjects who received brain stimulation via electrode-embedded head caps improved their piloting abilities and learnt the task 33 percent better than a placebo group.这份公开发表在《人类神经科学前沿》上的研究找到,用映射电极的帽子展开大脑性刺激之后,新手飞行员的技术之后可以求提高,且比对照组的任务自学能力低33%。

Our system is one of the first of its kind. Its a brain stimulation system, explained Dr Matthew Phillips.马修?菲利浦博士称之为:“我们研发的系统是一种大脑性刺激系统,是该类型系统的首创成果之一。”It sounds kind of sci-fi, but theres large scientific basis for the development of our system.“这听得一起类似于科幻小说,但是我们的系统具有扎实的科学基础。


”The specific task we were looking at was piloting an aircraft, which requires a synergy of both cognitive and motor performance.“我们所测试的特殊任务是驾驶员一架飞机,这必须理解和操纵的联合协商。”When you learn something, your brain physically changes. Connections are made and strengthened in a process called neuro-plasticity.“当你自学科学知识的时候,大脑就不会再次发生生理上的变化,神经相连就不会在所谓的神经可塑性过程创建并获得增强。”It turns out that certain functions of the brain, like speech and memory, are located in very specific regions of the brain, about the size of your pinky.“研究找到大脑的某些功能,比如说语言和记忆,坐落于大脑特定的区域,约只有小指头大小。

”Dr Matthew believes that brain stimulation could eventually be implemented for tasks like learning to drive, exam preparation and language learning.马修指出,人类最后有可能将这种大脑性刺激方式应用于到驾驶员培训、订正和语言自学中。What our system does is it actually targets those changes to specific regions of the brain as you learn, he added.|他还称之为:“这一系统实质上针对的是自学时大脑特定区域的变化。”The method itself is actually quite old. In fact, the ancient Egyptians 4000 years ago used electric fish to stimulate and reduce pain.“事实上这是一种非常古老的方法,早在4000年前,古埃及人就通过电鱼来性刺激和增加疼痛。

”Even Ben Franklin applied currents to his head, but the rigorous, scientific investigation of these methods started in the early 2000s and were building on that research to target and personalise a stimulation in the most effective way possible.“本?富兰克林也曾多次将这种电性刺激用作自己的头上,但是确实对该方法展开科学探寻始自21世纪初期,我们研究的目标就是用尽量有效地的方式使这种性刺激的受众更加具体、更加个性化。”What we found is … brain stimulation seems to be particularly effective at actually improving learning.“我们的研究找到……大脑性刺激或许在提升自学能力方面尤其有效地。


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